Cystitis and urinary tract infections, also known as UTI, not only affect us humans, but dogs can also suffer from these when their bladder becomes inflamed from infections, stones, or polyps. Urinary tract infections are usually due to bacteria, and can affect any part of the urinary tract, but most commonly the bladder. Other causes of UTI’s include stones, tumors, prostate disease and kidney disease. So, it's important to get these checked out as soon as symptoms present themselves. Some symptoms to look out for include:
- Blood in the urine
- Excessive urination, or
- Straining to urinate
Much the same as what humans experience. If you suspect your dog may have a bladder infection, then there are a number of tests that can be done so that a correct diagnosis can be made. Your vet will take a urine sample, and one of more tests will be run to help determine the exact cause. This includes a dipstick test which tests the urine pH, presents of protein, white and red blood cells as well as glucose, such as is the case in diabetes.
A specific gravity analysis and sediment examination may also be done so that we can identify if any crystals, bacteria or other nasties are present. And, if required urine may be sent off to the lab for culture and sensitivity testing. This helps to determine the type of bacteria that’s causing the infection, so that effective antibiotic treatment can be prescribed. Other tests that may be performed to help identify to find bladder stones, or other issues include bladder ultrasounds and x-rays. A blood sample may also be taken.
Infections are treated with antibiotics and anti inflammatories. It’s super important that your dog complete the antibiotic course, otherwise you may not eliminate the infection. If a bladder stone is identified, and depending on its type, a prescription diet may be used to help dissolve the stone, or surgery may be required to remove it. Polyps and tumors may require surgery, and chemotherapy may also be recommended for a tumor. Or, if prostate disease is identified, it’s often benign, and can be treated medically.
Hudson’s test shows that he has a bacterial infection, so a course of antibiotics and anti inflammatories should fix the problem, and you’ll be feeling just fine!
For more information on how to protect your pooch in times of need, check out hif pet insurance.